The tragic fate of the Ulma family
Foreword: In eastern countries, repression had nothing in common with what could happen in the occupied countries of the West, as in France. Poland, hiding a Jew was punishable by the death penalty and the sentence was carried out immediately. Moreover, this sentence was applied not only to the head of the family or whoever had hidden people, but also to his family, those present at the time of arrest. In fact, entire families were executed after discovery of a cache, often following a denunciation. It was also dangerous for Polish hide a Jewish German as its neighbors.
A peaceful family Markowa is a village of 4,500 people located 5 kilometers southeast of Stet . where Ulma family, a poor family, Catholic Józef Ulma, lived 44 years, was a graduate of a school of agriculture and exercised agricultural activities, beekeeping and had a breeding silkworms, he came from a poor family. Józef Wiktoria was married 32 years. They simply lived in the small village of Lower Carpathians with their six children, Stanisława (8 years), Barbara (6 years), Władysław (5 years), Franciszek (4 years), Antoni (3 years) and Maria (18 months). The Ulma family expecting their seventh child and Józef had a passion for photography.
The day of drama
March 24, 1944, around 5:00 am, a group of 4 German gendarmes from Łańcut and 4 blue police surrounded the family home Ulma following a probable termination of a native of Galicia Polish policeman named Włodzimierz Lesia had seized the property of the Szall family and hid them so they could monetize their protection. When Szall had exhausted their money while the police had kept their property, he expelled. As soon as he learned their new cache, it denounced the occupation authorities.
|The Germans entered the house and killed all the Jews. They brought out Józef and Wiktoria and executed in front of their house. Before the screams of children Ulma, the German officer Eilert Dieken decided to execution and children were also killed. Blue police attended the scene and carters who had been brought there to retrieve belongings and take the body, they remained all their lives marked by the terrible scene they had witnessed. A German police killed four children and détroussa Golda Goldman valuables. Order of the Germans, the victims were buried and a week later the men returned to the village and put them in coffins.|
| At least five families Markowa hid more than twenty Jews who survived and went to settle in the United States, Canada and Israel after the war. |
One recovered by Polish resistance blue police was tried and executed. Lieutenant Eilert Dieken who lived in West Germany was convicted and sentenced by the German court in 1960 but he's proved he was already dead. Kokott Joseph, the German officer who executed four children was found in 1957 Czechoslovakia where he was in hiding, he was tried and sentenced by the court of Rzeszów in Poland, his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and died in prison in 1980.
In 1995, the Ulma family was honored as Righteous Among the Nations and a beatification procedure was initiated in 2003. In 2004, municipal and regional authorities have unveiled a monument in memory of the Ulma family. The family is buried in the cemetery of Markowa.
Photos of the commemoration of the 69th anniversary of the disappearance of the Ulma family.
Wikipedia article on the Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust .
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